CN / EN
Duncan Haldane
  • 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics

Intro

British born physicist who is currently the Sherman Fairchild University Professor of Physics at Princeton University. He was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics with David Thouless and Michael Kosterlitz “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter”.

Education and Work Experience

1978, Ph.D., University of Cambridge
1981-1987, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor of Physics, University of Southern California
1986-1992, Professor of Physics at University of California, San Diego 1990-Present, Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics at Princeton University

Honors and Awards

1992, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1996, Fellow of the Royal Society of London
2012, Dirac Medal
2016, Nobel Prize in Physics

Major Academic Achievements

Professor Haldane is a well-known expert and scholar in the field of strong correlation quantum multi-body systems. Professor Haldane is known for a wide variety of fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics including the theory of Luttinger liquids, the theory of one-dimensional spin chains, the theory of fractional quantum hall effect, exclusion statistics, entanglement spectra and much more. Professor Haldane, Professor David Solis and Professor Michael Coster created new areas of physics research and spawned many new important concepts in physics using modern topological tools. Professor Haldane first introduced the concept of topology into the field of physics.
He found that topology can be used to explain the characteristics of small magnet chains present in some materials. The difference in atomic magnetic properties makes these chains exhibit completely different properties. The "Haldan model" and "quantum
anomalous Hall effect" proposed by Professor Haldane laid the foundation for "topological insulator", a hotspot in physics research areas.